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Upland and Special Crop Research

  1. Breeding of Purple Coneflower and 0il Flax

For the purpose of newly introduced medicinal crop development in Central Taiwan Area, the two major objectives of this study, firstly is to the screen of elite high yield and early maturity flaxseed lines which provided from selected excellent lines. In addition, observation trial of 200 flax lines which introduced from the Germplasm Resource Information Network (GRIN), USDA. TCS103-C546 (1), TCS103-B154 (1) and TCS103-B154 (2) have been screened from 102 to 104 years. In future, we will continuously perform testing strain and good agricultural practices . and secondly to continuing improving Echinacea population which introduced from Canada, as to select six populations with the high yield potential and best functional ingredient .

  1. Breeding on Job’s tears and Buckwheat

In order to stabilize the yield of Job’s tears, we reduce the plant height to make the mature period consistent, and reduce the shredding when harvest. Now we has breed three dwarf fine strains. To enhance the competitiveness of buckwheat in Taiwan, we use mass selection method to select red-purple color of ordinary buckwheat strains, and then will continuous purification and yield testing.

  1. Breeding on waxy sorghum

The sorghum breeding program for wine making and characteristics for the waxy starch from 2012, we processed sorghum pure line breeding from using waxy sorghum hybrids. After many years self-purification and field selection, we had bred three waxy pure lines.

  1. Breeding of wheat

In order to breed various kinds of wheat varieties for different processing purposes. We introduced 1200 lines from International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center for pure line selection . Based on adaptability, quality and yield selected superior lines. We selected 10 superior lines of wheat with different gluten content by different sowing times, emergence and tillering stage waterlogging test. At present, we continue evaluating suitable for the production of these lines and safe production and reproduction technology.

  1. Regional trials of soybean varieties in central Taiwan

The purpose of this experiment is to evaluate growth characters and yield of soybean variety 'Tainan 3'(TN3), 'Tainan 5'(TN5), 'Kaohsiung Select 10'(KSS10) and 'Shih-Shin' in the ratoon rice field of central Taiwan Area. The results showed that Soybean of the 2nd crops were the best quality, the average yield were 1,974 ~ 4,014 kg/ha in experiment plots. We will study on relationship between yield traits with fertility and growth environmental factors (temperature, light, weeds and pest control, etc.).

  1. Develop Products of Wheat-Rice

To use the most suitable "varieties" of rice and high-quality wheat develop the production “Gold Wheat-Rice” which has the best proportion. It contains high protein, fiber, and nutrition. It tastes so good as the best alternative to pure white rice.