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3. The fruit industry in Taichung District


A wide variety of fruit trees are planted in Central Taiwan (Taichung, Changhua and Nantou). The temperate fruit trees have grape, pear, persimmon, peach, apple, plum and Japanese apricot. The subtropical and tropical fruit trees have litchi, longan, ponkan Mandarin, Tankan, Murcott tangor, oranges, pomelos, loquat, guava, passion fruit and pitaya. The total cultivated area is about 52,254 hectares (about 27.5% of whole country), total yield is about 714,730 m.t., the production value reaches 24,828,595 thousand NT. This area has different altitudes, contains temperate, subtropical and tropical climates, which forms diversification of fruit tree varieties that adapted to every kind of climate condition. Therefore, fruit trees such as grapes, persimmon, pear, plum, peach and Japanese apricot are planted at higher altitude areas in Taichung and Nautou. Whereas, the grape can be grew at plain area in Changhua because of the development of production period regulation technique. The subtropical and tropical fruit trees such as litchi, longan, ponkan Mandarin, Tankan, guava and pitaya are planted at low altitude areas in Changhua, Nantou and Taichung.

 

Crop Photo Description
Litchi Litchi Planting area is 4,585 hectares and production is 32,777 metric tons in central Taiwan, the main place of production are Nantou City, Caotun , Zhonhliao Township (Nantou County), Taiping, Wufeng, Shengang Dist. (Taichung City), Fenyuan and Shetou Township (Changhua County). Production duration is from June to August. The main varieties are Black Leaf, Glutinous Rice Flavor, Gangwei, Tainung No. 4, Tainung No. 2 and Tainung No. 1.
Longan Longan Planting area is 4,403 hectares and production is 41,316 metric tons in central Taiwan, the main place of production are Wufeng, Taiping Dist. (Taichung City), Zhongliao, Shetou, Fenyuan Township and Nantou City (Nantou County). Production duration is from July to August. The main varieties are Fen Ke and Fuyan.
Pear Pear Planting area is 3,918 hectares and production is 97,217 metric tons in central Taiwan, the main place of production are Heping, Dongshi, Xinshe and Houli Production duration is from May to August in low altitude areas and August to December in low altitude areas . The main varieties are Shinseiki, Shinsetsu, Shinkou, Hoshi, Heng San, Tainung No. 2, Taichung No. 2, Taichung No.1 and Taichung No. 3. Dist. (Taichung City).
Banana Banana

Planting area is 3,887 hectares and production is 66,190 metric tons in central Taiwan, the main place of production are Zhongliao, Guoxing Township (Nantou County), Wufeng and Xinshe Dist. (Taichung City).

Production duration is w hole year-round. The main varieties are Pei-chiao, and Formosana.

Persimmon Persimmon

Planting area is 3,696 hectares and production is 61,557 metric tons in central Taiwan, the main place of production are Heping, Dongshi, Xinshe and Houli Dist. (Taichung City).

Production duration is from October to December. The main varieties are Fuyo, Jiro and Hanagosho.

Grape Grape

Planting area is 2,245 hectares and production is 70,954 metric tons in central Taiwan, the main place of production are Xihu, Dacun Township (Changhua County), Xinyi, Shueili Township. (Nantou County) and Xinshe Dist. (Taichung City)

Production duration is whole year-round. The main varieties are Kyoho, Black Queen, Golden Muscat, Taichung No. 1, Taichung No. 2, Taichung No. 3 and Taichung No. 4.

Japanese Apricot Japanese Apricot

Planting area is 1,667 hectares and production is 14,248 metric tons in central Taiwan, the main place of production are Xinyi, Shuili Township (Nantou County), Heping and Xinshe Dist. (Taichung City).

Production duration is from April to May.

Pine apple Pine apple Planting area is 1,551 hectares and production is 84,929 metric tons in central Taiwan, the main place of production are Mingjian, Nantou City (Nantou County), Fenyuan and Tianzhong Township (Changhua County). Production duration is whole year-round. The main varieties are Tainung No. 17, Tainung No. 20 and Kai-Ing.
Ponkan Mandarin Ponkan Mandarin

Planting area is 1,543 hectares and production is 31,807 metric tons in central Taiwan, the main place of production are Dongshi, Beitun, Fengyuan, Shigang and Xinshe Dist.(Taichung City).

Production duration is from November to December.

Peach Peach

Planting area is 1,428 hectares and production is 20,458 metric tons in central Taiwan, the main place of production are Heping, Xinshe, Dongshi Dist. (Taichung City) and Ren’ai Township (Nantou County).

Production duration is from February to May in low altitude areas and July to August in high altitude areas . The main varieties are Tainung No. 2, Tainung No. 3, Shanghai, Nakatsu Hakuto and Chi Pai Tai.

Guava Guava

Planting area is 1,422 hectares and production is 54,026 metric tons in central Taiwan, the main place of production are Xizhou, Shetou, Ershui, Yuanlin, Tianzhong and Yongjing Township (Changhua County).

Production duration is whole year-round. The main varieties are Jen Ju Pa, Di Wang Ba and Shui Ching Ba.

Loquat Loquat

Planting area is 915 hectares and production is 6,006 metric tons in central Taiwan, the main place of production are Xinshe, Taiping Dist. (Taichung City) and Guoxing Township. (Nantou County).

Production duration is from March to April.

Orange Orange

Planting area is 568 hectares and production is 8,194 metric tons in central Taiwan, the main place of production are Zhongliao, Dhueili, Jiji and Mingjian Township (Nantou County).

Production duration is from November to December. The main varieties are Liucheng and Navel orange.

Plum Plum

Planting area is 541 hectares and production is 4,770 metric tons in central Taiwan, the main place of production are Heping, Dongshi Dist. (Taichung City) Ren’ai and Xinyi Township (Nantou County).

Production duration is from May to June . The main varieties are Japanese plum, Mirabelles and California plum.

Tankan tangor Tankan tangor

Planting area is 493 hectares and production is 8,880 metric tons in central Taiwan, the main place of production are Heping, Dongshi and Xinshe Dist. (Taichung City).

Production duration is from December to February.

Murcott tangor Murcott tangor

Planting area is 491 hectares and production is 8,321 metric tons in central Taiwan, the main place of production are Dongshi, Xinshe Dist. (Taichung City), Zhushan and Shueili Township (Nantou County).

Production duration is from December to February.

Pitaya Pitaya

Planting area is 388 hectares and production is 11,122 metric tons in central Taiwan, the main place of production are Erlin, Zhutang Township (Changhua County), Jiji, Zhushan Township (Nantou County), Waipu and Houli Dist. (Taichung City).

Production duration is from June to December. The main varieties are white-flesh and red-flesh type.

Passion fruit Passion fruit

Planting area is 373 hectares and production is 6,686 metric tons in central Taiwan, the main place of production are Puli, Guoxing Township (Nantou County), Waipu and Xinshe Dist. (Taichung City).

Production duration is from August to November. The main variety is Tainung No. 1.

Carambola Carambola

Planting area is 331 hectares and production is 2,734 metric tons in central Taiwan, the main place of production are Yuanlin, Shetou Township (Changhua County), Dongshi Dist. (Taichung City) and Nantou City (Nantou County).

Production durationis from July to February. The main varieties are Tsen Tsway, Erh Lin Juan Chih and Malaysia.

Wentan Pomelo Wentan Pomelo

Planting area is 287 hectares and production is 4,732 metric tons in central Taiwan, the main place of production are Mingjian, Nantou City (Nantou County), Dongshi and Fengyuan Dist. (Taichung City).

Production duration is from August to September. The main variety is Mato Wentan.

Mango Mango

Planting area is 257 hectares and production is 2,735 metric tons in central Taiwan, the main place of production are Guoxing Township (Nantou County), Yuanlin Township (Changhua County), Dadu Dist. (Taichung City).

Production duration is from June to August . The main varieties are Chin-Mi, Irwin and Syh-Jih.

Papaya Papaya

Planting area is 230 hectares and production is 11,967 metric tons in central Taiwan, the main place of production are Puli, Mingjian, Zhushan, Guoxing Township and Nantou City (Nantou County).

Production duration is w hole year-round. The main variety is Tainung No. 2.

Apple Apple

Planting area is 168 hectares and production is 1,515 metric tons in central Taiwan, the main place of production are Heping Dist. (Taichung City) and Ren’ai Township. (Nantou County).

Production duration is from October to December. The main varieties are Fuji and Megumi.

Pomelo Pomelo

Planting area is 95 hectares and production is 3,303 metric tons in central Taiwan, the main place of production are Ershui, Tianzhong, Huatan Township (Changhua County), Shuili and Mingjian Township (Nantou County).

Production duration is from October to November. The main varieties are Pei-Yu and Thailand-Yu

Wax apple Wax apple

Planting area is 99.5 hectares and production is 909 metric tons in central Taiwan, the main place of production are Xinyi, Shuili Township (Nantou County) and Tianzhong Township (Changhua County).

Production duration is from May to September. The main varieties are Pink, Thub Thim Chan and Indonesia Big Fruit.

 

 



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