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5. The flora industry in Taichung District


The cut flowers planted in Taiwan is totally 3,319 hectares, and the total production is more than 900 million stems. The percentage of cut flower cultivated in central region of Taiwan (Taichung city, Changhua county, and Nantou county) is 63.5% for ​total area, and the percentage of cut flower production in central region of Taiwan is 72% for the total proportion. Besides, the production of orchids, potted plant and nursery in central region of Taiwan is about 29.8%, 63.9% and 49% for the total production area. Central region of Taiwan is an important production area of potted plant and nursery for supplying domestic flower market, and also for export to China, Europe and America and other countries.

 

Table 1. The industry of cut flowers, orchids, potted plant and nursery in central region of Taiwan.

Table 1. The industry of cut flowers, orchids, potted plant and nursery in central region of Taiwan.

District

Cultivation area(ha) / Percentage(%)

Cut flowers

Orchids

Potted plant

Nursery

Taichung

538 / 16.2

84 / 11.9

51 / 5.1

629 / 7.1

Chunghua

1,193 / 35.9

16 / 2.3

347 / 34.9

4,054 / 45.9

Nantou

376 / 11.3

111 / 15.7

89 / 9.0

957 / 10.8

Total

2,107 / 63.5

211 / 29.8

487 / 49.0

5,640 / 63.9

*According to agriculture statistics of COA (2015)

Due to suitable climate in central region of Taiwan and the sophisticated cultivation techniques, the flora industry is growing and developing stably. The flower industry is market-oriented, not only for the domestic market but also for the export market. Growers focus on flower production quantity and also pay attention on cut flower quality by cooperation with agriculture researcher. Moreover, the government establishes the specific flower production district in the central region of Taiwan, such as in Sijhou township, Yongjing township of Changhua county, Houli district of Taichung city and other sites to enhance the value of export flowers. In the future, we hope to improve cultivation techniques and establish of appropriate and suitable types of cultivation methods. Moreover, we also have to know the information of flower industry in domestic and international market well in order to develop agribusiness gradually and improve export performance.

The flower industry in Central Taiwan

Crop name

Industry’s Briefing

Oncidium

Oncidium

Oncidium cultivation area in the central region of Taiwan is 133 hectares, and is mainly in Taichung City Hsinshe, Houli, Dongshi, Beitun, Shihkang, and Waipu district for 82.5 hectares. Other production areas are   Puli Township and Mingjian Township of Nantou Country and other towns. The production yield is 25 million cut flowers, and main variety is ‘Honey Angel’. The export value of Oncidium to Japan is US$ 1152million and exports quantity is 1465 tonnes.

Lily

Lily

Lilium : cultivation area in the central region of Taiwan is 299 hectares, and is mainly in Taichung City Houli, Hsinshe, Shengang, and Waipu district for 222 hectares. Other production areas are   Puli Township and Renai Township of Nantou Country (61hectares) and Changhua county (16 hectares). The production yield is 59 million cut flowers, and main variety is Oriental Lily including yellow flower cultivar ‘Concador ’ and ‘Manisa’, red flower cultivars ‘Robina’ ‘Acablanca’ and ‘Viviana’ as well as white flower cultivar ‘Crystal’.

Dianthus

Dianthus

Dianthus cultivation area in the central region of Taiwan is 42 hectares, and is mainly in Tianwei township, Yongjing township, Beidou township and Xihu township of Changhua county for 41 hectares.

Annual production is 24.7million, and common cultivated varieties are ‘Connelly’ (red color), ‘Celine’ (pink color) and ‘Gaudina’ (peach color). The production period is in May.

Anthurium

Anthurium

Anthurium mainly cultivated in Nantou County and Taichung City. The cultivation area of Nantou county is 34 hectares and 26 hectares in Taichung city accounting for 31% of the total production area of Taiwan. The annual production is 16.38 million cut flowers. The production areas are in Pauli township and Houli district with cooler climate and suitable for high quality cut flower production. Cut flowers are exported to Japan and Middle East, and main cultivars are Faradiso, Tropical, Trinidad, and so on. The potted plant products are sold for domestic market, and main cultivars are ‘Pink Champion’, ‘Valentino’, and so on.

Rose

Rose

Rose production area in central region of Taiwan is mainly cultivated in the Nantou county 114 hectares, accounting for 56% of total production area of Taiwan. The main varieties are ‘Diana’, ‘Gala Red’,‘Purple Espirit’ and so on.

 
  Gladius
 

 

 

 

 

 

Gladius

Gladius production area in central region of Taiwan is 119 hectares, and is mainly cultivated in the Taichung city Houli district (97 hectares) and Sijhou township, Tianwei township, and Beidou township of Changhua county (22 hectares). An annual cut flowers production is about 21 million. The main varieties are ‘Advance Red’, ‘Ben Venuto’, ‘Red Beauty’, ‘Amsterdam’, ‘Priscilla’, and ‘Manhattan’. The production period is from September to April, and export to Japan.

Eustoma

 
   

Eustoma

Eustoma production area in central region of Taiwan is 57 hectares, and is mainly cultivated in the Yongjing township, Beidou township, Sijhou township, and Tianwei township of Changhua county (56 hectares). An annual production is 13 million cut flowers. The main varieties are ‘Arena’, ‘Rosina’, ‘Echo’, and ‘Patio’. The production period is from September to April, and export value to Japan is more than NT$250 million.

Malabar chestnut

Malabar chestnut

Malabar chestnut production area in central region of Taiwan is 420 hectares, and the production value is about NT 200 million dollars. It is mainly cultivated in the Sijhou township of Changhua county. It is mainly exported to China. The export value is NT$180 million.

Chrysanthemum

Chrysanthemum

Chrysanthemum production area in Taiwan is 703 hectares, and is mainly cultivated in Changhua county for 96% of total production area, including  Tianwei village 340 hectare, Yongjing village 228 hectare, Beidou township 38 hectare, and mainly provided for domestic market. The main varieties are ‘Huang Show Fong’, ‘Bai Dong Yung’, ‘Dragon Phoenix Purple’, ‘Tiger Red’ and ‘Autumn Sunny’.

Gebera

Gebera

Gebera production area in Taiwan is 77 hectares, and is mainly cultivated in Changhua county with 47 hectares accounting for 61% of total production area. Nantou County has 23 hectares for gebera production and is 29% of total area. The main varieties are ‘Esmarla’, ‘Pink Charm’, ‘Apolo’, and ‘Roreito’.

Dendrobium

Dendrobium

Dendrobium: The annual production is about 100 thousands pots, and annual value is about NT$20 million. The middle district of Taiwan accounts for 50% production value. Currently, there is no main varieties for dendrobium, and we focus on breeding of new varieties and developing key techniques for industry.

Cymbidium

Cymbidium

The main cultivation areas of cymbidium in middle of Taiwan are 30 hectares located in Yuchi township of Nantou county, Xinshe and Dongshi district of Taichung city. For the domestic market, the Chinese New Year festivals are the main period for sales of potted plants and cut flowers. The flowering season for cut flower of cymbidium is from November to February, and for potted plant is one month before Chinese New Year festival, and the popular colors of flower are red, yellow and green.

Oriental cymbidium

Oriental cymbidium

The main cultivation areas of oriental cymbidium in middle of Taiwan are Dongshi and Houli district of Taichung city, Puli, Yuchi and Xinyi township of Nantou county. The total production area in Taiwan is more than 170 hectares. There are more than 100 varieties of oriental cymbidium in Taiwan, the main varieties are Cymbidium ensifolium, Cymbidium sinense and Cymbidium goeringii. For export market, Korea is the largest import country followed by China for Taiwan’s oriental cymbidium exportation. The main export cultivars for oriental cymbidium are Cymbidium ensifolium ‘Tie Gu’, Cymbidium ensifolium ‘Cai Hong’ and Cymbidium sinense 'Shan Chuan'.

Phalaenopsis

Phalaenopsis

The cultivation area of Phalaenopsis in Taiwan is about 180 ha, and the production area in middle of Taiwan is about 16 ha. The main varieties are Phalaenopsis Sogo Yukidian ‘V3’, Phal. Tai Lin Red Angel‘V31’, Phal. hybrids ‘Red House’, Phal. hybrid ‘Big Chili’, Phal. ‘Fortune Saltzman’, Phal. ‘Brother Girl’, Phal. ‘Little Gem Stripe-Number One’, Phal. ‘Queen Beer-Red Sky’, and Phal. amabilis.

Lady’s slippers

Lady’s slippers

The cultivation area of L ady’s slippers in Taiwan is about 5 heactares. The main production area in middle of Taiwan are Puli township, Dacun township, Peetou township of Changhua county, and Dongshi district, Fongyun district of Taichung city. The cultivars are mainly ‘White Bear’, 'Angel Hair', 'Red Lantern', 'Formosa Lady', 'Coloratum', and ‘Vinicolor’.

 



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