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Extension Education Research


(1). Study on the Training and Coaching Effectiveness of Agricultural Successor in Central Taiwan

The survey sends out 60 questionnaires and retrieves effective questionnaire altogether 56. Participant basic document male 45, account for 80%, feminine 11, account for 20%. The age distribution take is situated between 35-45 years old as most much, accounts for 70%. The education level graduates as most much take the Junior colleges, accounts for 56.3%. The participant is mainly engaged in the related agricultural industry or the occupation at present take the agriculture as vegetable, accounts for 95%. After the student attends the Council of Agriculture (COA)-the Farmers’ Academy, the participant expressed that is occupied from the agricultural wish degree the influent 75%. In the student invests agricultural in the wish, is willing mainly to improve agricultural cultivation techniques (83.3%) primarily. Will affect into the student invests the agricultural wish the factor mainly not to have the farming or the area promising from the agricultural reason is too small (66.7%), the agriculture obtained somewhat low (66.7%) and the turnover of capital difficult (66.7%). Will affect into the student invests the agricultural wish the factor mainly to have, has the farming quality, the farming funds to lack, the environment water pollution, the farming to obtain, the agricultural labor force insufficiency, the farm price unstable, the agricultural chemicals cost burden to be too heavy, the agricultural obtained standard, the cultivated area to be too small and the labor force ageing and so on. But the related agricultural measure which carries out in the government, the student thought that these agricultural measure should first strengthen either the improvement has the expansion to handle the agriculture low interest loans, the assistance or the instruction agriculture prevention and control of pollution work, develops the place special product, the young landlord big tenant farmer to plan, the farmland bank, to strengthen of service function the direction peasant association, to instruct the farmer plant disease control technique and so on. From the material analysis, after student knot teaches, their agricultural production value increase for 50%, demonstrated that students could get new techniques to produce agricultural products and improve the production problems who encountered. The Farmers’ Academy will greatly helpful for young farmers.

(2). The Team Work Model Improvement and Service Quality Analysis of Walking Service Team for Farmers in the Countryside

The research was aimed to get suggestions to improve our team work model and quality analysis of walking service team for farmers in the countryside. The 196 sampled data were collected from the farmers who joined the listening voices of the farmers and agricultural technology consulting forum. The data showed a high degree high satisfaction with the services of the walking services team in the countryside, the farmers also agreed that the service was necessary. If we can do the activity again, the farmers have the high willingness to participate in the forum. The technology themes and contents which TDARES provide were clear, understandable, useful and fit for local special or main crops. The farmers would use and reference the technology that TDARES explained after consulting forum. The interviewees mainly want to ask the category for pest control and crop cultivation and management for in the forum. They considered the experts of TDARES answered professional. When they encountered problems on agricultural production, the main channel was telephone, in addition to participating in the consultation forum. The farmers took considerations of convenience and nearly solution to selective their solving channels. They had high willing to let the specialized researchers doing site diagnosis in their fields. Survey showed that Taichung researchers were actual to field site diagnosis accounting for 7.8%, and interviewee respondent the experts of TDARES to solve their problems, and had a very high degree of satisfaction with the services.

(3). Study on the Training Effectiveness of Agricultural Successor in Central Taiwan

The survey sends out 100 questionnaires and retrieves effective questionnaire altogether 86. Participant basic document male 60, account for 66.7%, feminine 26, account for 33.3%. The age distribution take is situated between 35-45 years old as most much, accounts for 100%. The education level graduates as most much take the Junior colleges, accounts for 56.3%. The participant is mainly engaged in the related agricultural industry or the occupation at present take the agriculture as many, accounts for 41.7%. After the student attends the Council of Agriculture (COA) “the agricultural bird of passage camp” - the egret camp, the participant expressed that is occupied from the agricultural wish degree the influent 75%. Take has not had the influent slightly from the agriculture as many, accounts for 66.7%, in the student invests agricultural in the wish, is willing mainly to produce from the agricultural reason by the conservative ancestor and other (83.3%) primarily. It is not willing main not to have the farming or the area promising from the agricultural reason is too small (66.7%), the agriculture obtained somewhat low (66.7%) and the turnover of capital difficult (66.7%). Will affect into the student invests the agricultural wish the factor mainly to have, has the farming quality, the farming funds to lack, the environment water pollution, the farming to obtain, the agricultural labor force insufficiency, the farm price unstable, the agricultural chemicals cost burden to be too heavy, the agricultural obtained standard, the cultivated area to be too small and the labor force ageing and so on. But the related agricultural measure which carries out in the government, the student thought that these agricultural measure should first strengthen either the improvement has the expansion to handle the agriculture low interest loans, the assistance or the instruction agriculture prevention and control of pollution work, develops the place special product, the young landlord big tenant farmer to plan, the farmland bank, to strengthen of service function the direction peasant association, to instruct the farmer plant disease control technique and so on. From the material analysis, after the student knot teaches, invests agricultural proportion about 30%, demonstrated that the plan attracts the youth to invest effect of the agricultural not to be clear, when following impetus related bird of passage training plan, should consider that receiving training the motive and the goal, in view of have the wish improve and the assistance from the agriculture to its worry factor and the government related policy, attracts more young people to invest the agriculture.

(4). The Recognition and Adoption of Taiwan Good Agriculture Practice on Water Bamboo for Water Bamboo Growing Farmers in Puli

The water bamboo is one of special agriculture crops in Taichung district. The data of Agricultural Statistics Yearbook 2011 showed the water bamboo production in Nantou County was 93.7% of the total yield. The main water bamboo producing area is Puli township in Nantou County. The samples of questionnaire survey were the water bamboo farmers who join vegetable production and marking team in Puli and we mailed 5 copies of the questionnaire to each vegetable production and marking team. It totaled 45 teams. Every team leaders selected 5 team members at random as interviewees. Total 83 valid questionnaires were used to analyze the data. The results show that farmers are old and not familiar with computer and internet operation. Most farmers have been accustomed to adopt the Good Agriculture Practice (GAP) as the quality and safety of agricultural production mode for a long time. Actually, the water bamboo farmers have high level recognition to implement the Taiwan Good Agriculture Practice (TGAP). They consider that the products can be raised prices and sold well when using water bamboo TGAP as standard production operation and getting the verification of Taiwan/Traceability Agricultural Product. They are willing to follow this policy. Government should expand this policy and detail the execution methods to water bamboo farmers. In the future, the government can budget for training and commission extension sessions of township farmers’ association in water bamboo production area as execution units. The execution unit can make greater efforts to expand TGAP policy and provide intensive training projects for water bamboo farmers to understand and implement the TGAP. Most farmers consider it is difficult to record the TGAP data. The government also can provide useful software and hardware tools for farmers to record the data of Taiwan Agriculture and Food Traceability System.

(5). The Study on the Economic Benefits of Reasonable Fertilization in Taichung Area

This study was aimed to analyze the Taichung area farmers in addition to the reasonable fertilization policy awareness, implement effective mainly in the chemical fertilizer subsidy policy develop, seek to achieve in government spending does not increase, the farmers choose to directly subsidize or farmers card opinions and attitudes The results showed that farmers select farmers card more directly card subsidize as much, that is, farmers will want to select and existing chemical fertilizer subsidies farmers to change smaller card. Future subsidies for the adjustment of chemical fertilizers, it is recommended: (1) farmers card need to implement use of information technology, farmers build basic information and set the subsidy amount does not exceed the upper limit of the original differential subsidy budget, the first execution for farmers worry doubt occur, do the full description, to make policy changes smoothly, and let the majority of farmers satisfied. (2) After coming upon the farmers to build a complete card information can also choose a township or district early demonstration, the demonstration when performing in comparison with farmers directly subsidize card advantages and disadvantages of policy, farmers will actually feel differences between the two policies, and then make suitable peasant farming methods, and can achieve reasonable fertilization, both select and contribution to the quality of agricultural ecological environment. (3) Future agricultural authorities working on the project to promote the reasonable fertilizer, crop nutrient management can be diagnostic, and how to properly use microbial fertilizer or organic fertilizer technology in the short days of demonstrations extension , or systematic training of Farmers Academy teaching farmers the right place, timely, adequate, method reasonable fertilization.

(6). The analysis of service quality and effectiveness of technology transfer in Taichung District Agricultural Research and Extension Station

This study was aimed to analyze the service quality and effectiveness of technology transfer in Taichung District Agricultural Research and Extension Station (TDAIS). TDAIS had total 125 technology transfer cases from 2003 to 2012 and sent the 100 questionnaires to the technology transfer receptors except repetitions. The 78 sampled data were collected. The companies received the most technology transfer cases and the average technology license fee was high than farmer groups and farmers in TDAIS. The equipment material, plant variety and food processing technology were the TDAIS’ major technology transfer categories. The exclusive license technology transfer cases focused on plant variety and bio-technology categories because it could be avoided to deliver any plant varieties or strains to the third party. When the company sells the licensed products, it shall allocate each year 1~3 percent of the gross sales of those products as royalties for the technology. There were 2 technology transfer cases which got NT$ 7~8 million of the gross sales of their licensed products. But there were still 9 cases which didn’t get any income from licensed products. Our researchers should find out the reasons to help the those technology transfer receiver. The result of service quality got high score from the interviewee. The value of an average satisfaction was 4.24, ranging between satisfied to very satisfied. The important factors of effectiveness of technology transfer were “Shorten the development time”, "Raise awareness" and “Improve quality”. When the interviewee used licensed technology to develop products in the market, their considered "Lack of marketing and promotion", "Lack of market information" and "Lack of channel partner" were the major difficulty factors in business. Suggest to request the technology transfer receiver to present business plan and assess the feasibility. The licensed products could be increased profits was most important impact factor to renew the contract. The interviewee could not to renew the contract again because of the "poor sales" of products. In fact, the main consideration was to sell market-oriented. The research institutions often lack the commercial experiences and don’t understand receiver’s business strategy. The partner to implement the innovation technology may not have enough ability and capacity to use the licensed technology. Recommend the innovation technology should be directed to “competitive market-oriented” in the future.

(7). Study on the Effectiveness of Youth Farmers Training and Service in Taichung District

The first part of this project was to survey the students’ training effectiveness. Students engaged the temperate fruit growing farm management training course during 2010-2012. The assessment found that students engaged training course, 49.3% agreed the product sales increase about 11-20%, the profits in agricultural management upgrade 11-20%. It means after attending professional training, trainees could get substantial assistance in sales and profits. In the ability of the production, marketing, human resources, research and development capabilities, financial, information, risk, social participation, and policies and regulations dimensions, the average is 3.27-4.14, ranging between ordinary to strongly agree. It showed farmers who participated the agriculture professional training course; they could develop their professional competence to engage in agriculture. The training course was helpful. The second part of the survey is to investigate the trainees’ whom joined the training courses of the Farmers’ Academy in 2013, about their cognitive ability change and their satisfaction questionnaire. The average cognitive abilities of after-training are higher than that of pre-training. The result showed after agricultural training, trainees' cognitive abilities in agricultural are better. In satisfaction part, in the 13 items, e.g. farmers training arrangements, the averages scores was 3.96-4.55, approximately between agree and strongly agree, in which "the future I will continue to participate in the Farmers' Academy training course" items, the maximum mean was 4.55, agree and strongly agree were 96.2%, showed the public attract to participate in the professional training courses of the Farmers' Academy. Finally, the questionnaire was made to survey the farmers’ capacity in the grape farm management of the central region. The farmers’ grape farm management, in the dimensions of production management, financial management, human resource management, marketing management, research and development capabilities, information management, disaster, policies and regulations, the Cronbach’s α coefficient are all above 0.8, the internal consistency reliabilities are credible; overall, for adjustment, the questionnaire in dimensions of the social participation added to three question items, dimensions of the disaster and the policies and regulations, asking two items increased to three asking items. Also applied "agricultural extension workers and Youth farmer forum" in March 6, 2013 and 160 people participated in.



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