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行政院農業委員會臺中區農業改良場

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第86期--2005年3月出刊

首頁 > 出版刊物 > 研究彙報 > 第86期--2005年3月出刊 > 生食紅甘蔗臺中1號之育成

生食紅甘蔗臺中1號之育成

研究彙報第八十六期 , Page 11- 21,出版時間:2005- 3, 詳細內容

 

 

生食紅甘蔗臺中1號之育成
 
作者:曾勝雄、沈勳、陳裕星
 
摘  要
 

   為提高臺灣生食紅甘蔗產量及品質,於 1996 年 11~12 月從全臺生食紅甘蔗生產區搜集 89 個選系,在本場實驗農場進行繁殖及篩選,從中選出 21 個優良選系,於 1997/1998 年進行觀察試驗,結果選出田中等 10 個優良選系;於 88 及 89 年在埔里試區進行新品系比較試驗,結果選出臺中選 10 號等 5 個優良品系參加 2001 及 2002 年新品系區域試驗。由於臺中選 10 號在區域試驗之農藝性狀及產量表現優越,於 2003 及 2004 年進行新品系栽培法試驗、蔗莖官能品評,蔗莖硬脆度檢定及病蟲害檢定,因具有蔗莖及中間 5 節 ( 蔗莖中間 6 個節位 ) 長度較長、第 5 節節間較粗、含糖率高、中抗嵌紋病及矮化病、蔗莖產量高及穩定性佳等特性,於 2004 年 10 月 26 日獲准登記命名為臺中 1 號及推廣。

關鍵字: 紅甘蔗、臺中一號、育種、品種。

 

The Development of a New Fresh Edible Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) Cultivar Taichung No. 1
 
Sheng-Hsiung Tseng, Sheen Shen and Yuhsin Chen 
 
ABSTRACT
 
   To improve the yield and quality of fresh edible sugarcane of Taiwan, 89 lines of sugarcanes were collected from all production areas of Taiwan and planted in our experiment station for further performance screening in 1996. Among these collections, 21 lines were selected and observation trials were conducted in late 1997. Ten superior lines were later screened out and yield trials conducted at Puli in 1999 and 2000. In 2001 and 2002, 5 lines were further selected and put in regional yield trials. Of these superior lines, Tien-chung Selection, showed outstanding agronomic performance was later named Taichung Selection No. 10. Due to its outstanding performance in regional trials, the general properties of the selected line was further examined including cultivation practices, pest resistance, stem strength and sensory properties of peeled stem and pressed juice. The superior agronomic characters of this line include the highest height and longest middle 5-nodes length, highest total soluble solids, yield and good stability. Other properties include middle resistance to mosaic virus and stunt disease. This line was registered as Taichung No. 1 in October 2004 and permitted to extend to farmers.
Key words: Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum), Taichung No. 1, breeding, variety.
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