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首頁 > 出版刊物 > 特刊 > The Impact of Biological Research on Agricultural Productivity -Special Publication No.29

The Impact of Biological Research on Agricultural Productivity -Special Publication No.29

The Impact of Biological Research on Agricultural Productivity

Proceedings of
The (SABRAO) International Symposium

Edited by
Sheng-Chung Huang,
Sung-Ching Hsieh,
Dah-Jiang Liu

Published by
Taichung District Agricultural Improvement Station
1992

CONTENTS

REEFACE.........................................................i

OPENING CEREMONY

 Opening Remarks .......... C. H. Huang .................... iii
 Introductory Remarks ..........T. T. Chang .................... iv
 Welcome Address .......... C. Y. Chen .................... vii
 Report from the Secretary General .......... S. C. Hsieh .................... viii

KEYNOTE ADDRESSES

 The Advances in Biotechnology and Impact on Plant Animal Production in Taiwan .......... Paul M. H. Sun .................... 1
 Putative Internal Mechanisms of Indica and Japonica Differentiation among Rice Cultivars .......... H. I. OKa .................... 11
 Maintenance of Biological Diversity in Sustaining Agricultural Productivity-An Imperative .......... T. T. Chang .................... 13

SECTION I
Modicication of Plants and Animals by Genetic Manipulation
-Plant Breeding and Genetics-

 Comparative Studies on the Development of Semidwarf Aromatic Long-Grain Rice by Mutation vs . Hybridization and sd 1 va. Sd 6 in California .......... C. H. Hu ............... 21
 Breeding Strategy of Salt-Tolerant Rice .......... Y. A. Chae, J. K. Heu, and K. H. Bang .................... 37
 A New hypothesis on the Geographic Origin of Rice .......... Y. I. Sato ................. 45
 Genetic Improvement of Grops in Malaysia .......... T. C. Yap .................... 53
 Lessons in Vegetable Crops Breeding through Multidisciplinary Collaboration .......... R. L. Vilareal .................... 63
 Breeding for Bacterial Wilt Resistance in Tomato:Number of Backcrosses to Recover Adequate Resistance .......... R. T. Opena, G. L. Hartman, and J. T. Chen .............. 71
 Recent Developments in Breeding Research for Fusarium Wilts Disease Resistance in Tobacco ( Nicotiana tabacum L.) in Malaysia ....... Y. Musa and A. R. Azmi ........... 77
 Resistance of Tropical Maize Inbreds to Major Virus and Fungal Diseases .......... J. L. Brewbaker .................... 85
 Development of High Oil Hybrid Corn in Thailand .......... C. Chutkaew, C. Aekatasanawan, and S. Jampatong .................... 95
 Ancestry of Japonica Rice Varieties in Thailand .......... M. S. Lin .................... 105
 Genes for Semidwarfing and Their Effects in the Background of Taichung 65 Rice .......... K. H. Tsai .................... 111
 Inheritance of Chloroplast Genome in the Genus Paulownia in Taiwan .......... W. Y. Wang, R. C. Pai, and T. P. Lin .................... 119
 New Mutants for Endosperm and Embryo Characters in Rice: Two Dull Endosperms and A Giant Embryo ...... K. H. Kim, S. Z. Park, H. J. Koh, and M. H. Heu ........ 125
 The Inheritance of Hydrocyanic Acid Putential in Forage Sorghum .......... S. P. Shaug .................... 133
 A Variable Active Parental Genic Proportions (VAPGeP) Model. I. Experimental Verification .......... L. P. Subedi .................... 141

-Animal Improvement-

 A Comparison of Performance of Holstein: Freisian Semen from Six Sources in Taiwan-A Preliminary Report ..... S. N. Lee, C. L. Chang, and Z. Y. Chen .......... 149
 True Availabilities of Amino Acids in Brown Rice, Sorghum, Rice Bran, and Wheat Bran Determined with White Leghorns and Taiwan Native Country Rossters .......... A. Hsu, M. L. Lee, and Y. F. Lin .................... 153

SECTION II
New Techniques for Raising Agriculutral Productivity
-Tissue Culture-

 Somaclonal Variation in Leger Barley .......... T. M. Choo, J. Li, K. M. Ho, D. Kong, and P. Narasimhalu .................... 163
 Efficient Protoplast Fusion and Culture of Rice by Using Nurse Cells .......... L. F. Liu, S. F. Liu, C. H. Jan, and K. L. Lai .................... 175
 CMS Gene Transfer to Nicotiana tabacum L. Mediated by Donor-Recipient Protoplast Fusion and Culture .......... K. L. Lai, and Y. C. Huang .................... 181
 In vitro Techiniques in Gene Manipulation in Improvement as affected by Activated Charcoal, Medium Composition and Tissue Source .......... G. M. Reddy .............. 187
 Plant Regeneration in Cell Suspension Cultures of Sugarcane as Affected by Activated Charcoal, Mediuj Composition and Tissur Soure .......... M. C. Liu .................... 195
 Rapid Clonal Propagation and Production of Useful ComPounds of Chinese Medicinal Herbs by Tissue and Cell Suspension Culture .......... W. D. Chang, T. G. Gau, D. D. Chang, Y. C. Chern, C. C. Chen, F. T. Yeh, Y. S. Chang, M. T. Hsieh, N. Y. Chu, and H. S. Tsay ................... 207
 Micropropagation of Gmelina Aborea R. .......... J. C. Yang, G. Y. Tsay, J. D. Chung, and Z. Z. Chen .................... 213
 An Important Factor Affecting the Germination and Growth of Phalaenopsis Seeds ....... W. T. Tsai, W. H. Chen, R. M. Hsieh, M. S. Chyou, and C. C. Wu .................. 219
 Breeding for Resistance to Fusarial Wilt of Cavendish Banana by Using Tissue Culture Method .......... S. C. Hwang and W. H. Ko .................... 229
 Variation of Several Characters in the Antheer Culture Derived A 2 Lines and F 3 Lines Produced from a Cross Between Uplant and Lowland Rice Varieties .......... F. Kikuchi, M. Sasaki, I. Oshima, and K. Maruyama .................... 239
 Properties and patial Purification of Hypersensitive Cell Death inducing Factor Secreted by Rice Blast Fungus .......... K. Nomura, S. Kawasaki, and K. Ishii .................... 251

-Biological Research-

 The Role of Biological Research in Plant Breeding .......... R. N. Oram ............... 259
 Some Attempts ofr Overcoming Breeding Barriers by Means of Plant Bioltechnology .......... T. Adachi, R. Akasi, L. Z. Chen, and L. M. Cuan ............... 269
 Length Heterogeneity in rDNA Intergenic Spacers in Maixe Populations .......... S. C. Huang, J. C. Osterman, and W. A. Compton .................... 283
 Retriction Patterns and Inheritance of Chloroplast DNA in Passiflora edulis Sims and Its Related Specied .......... Y. Y. Do, C. T. Shii, and P. L. Huang .................... 303
 Electorphoretic Pattern of Isozymes in Phalaenopsis Spp. .......... R. M. Hsieh, W. H. Chen, W. T. Tsai, M. S. Chyou, and C. C. Wu .................... 319
 Nodular Culture and Agrobacterium-Mediated Transformation for Transgenic Plant Production in Liquidambar Styraciflua L. (Sweetgum) .......... Z. Z. Chen and A. M. Stomp .................... 331
 Transformation of Kiwi Fruit with Agrobacterium phizogenes ...................................M.Yazawa,K.Ichikawa, and T.Akihama.....341

SECTION III
Enhanciong Productivity by Cultural Techniques
-Plant Physiology-

 Near-Ultraviolet Injury in Rice Plants .......... T. Sato .................... 349
 Amelioration of Sorghum ( Sorghum bicolor L.) Seedling to Chilling Stress by Abscisic Acid .......... S. L. Gau, H. S. Lur, and C. Chu .................... 355
 A Method of Breaking the Deep Dormancy of Sassafras randaiense (Hay.) Rehder. Seed .......... T. P. Lin .................... 365
 Density of Rice Grain and Its Relations with Other Grain Characters .......... H. J. Koh, M. H. Heu, and C. M. Jiang .................... 369

-Agicultural Production-

 Vegetable Soybean for Sustainable Agriculture .......... S. Shanmugasundaram, S. C. S. Tsou, and M. R. Yan .................... 379
 Strategies of Promoting Crop Productivity in Eastern Taiwan .......... F. H. Lin, C. S. Lin, and W. H. Chien .................... 387
 Increasing Productivity of Vegetable Crops through Soilless Culture .......... E. S. Lim .................... 339
 Response of Sweet Potato To Biofertilizers .......... E. T. Rasco, Jr., V. dR. Amante, E. Orolfo, and M. Catanay .................... 407
 Oil Palm Improvement and Productivity ....... B. S. Jalani and N. Rajanaidu ........ 419
 Mungbean Varieties for Paddy Field in Ayutthaya Povince, Thailand .......... W. Ounruen, B. Kongsombat, N. Chotikachmroon .................... 443
 Teapest: An Expert System of Insect and Mite Pests for Tea Plantaion .......... M. L. Lin .................... 439
 Self-Compatibilty in Annona muricata (Linn) Clones..............M.K.Mohd Zin...445
 Factors of Affecting Vegetative and Reproductive Growth of Aquatic Weed-Water Hyacinth Elchhornia Crassiper (Mart.) Solms .......... Y. Tomihisa .................... 449
 Closing Remarks ..................................................S. C. Lin.......455
 Message of Thanks ................................................T. T. Chang.....456

LIST OF PARTICIPANTS ...........................................................457

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